Meet the MyndVR Science and Research Advisors

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Dr. Walter Greenleaf

Expert on Medical Applications of VR at Stanford University 

Dr. Skip Rizzo

Director for Medical Virtual Reality at USC

Dr. Sandra Chapman

Founder and Chief Director at Center for Brain Health

Dr. Adam Gazzaley

Executive Director of Neuroscape Lab at UCSF

Dr. Joseph Maroon

Neurosurgeon and Author

Dr. Tariq AlFarra

Head of Medical Research at MyndVR​

Dr. Ryan McMahan

VR Research - Arts and Technology at UT Dallas

Proposal Submission 

Article References 

The effects of Virtual Reality on Dementia and the Aging Mind

  • Bilodeau M, Finestone H, McEwen D, et al. Two-week virtual reality training for dementia: Single-case feasibility study. JRRD. 2014;51(7):1069-1076

  • Blackman T, Calderon C, Flynn D, et al. Developing a Virtual Reality–Based Methodology for People with Dementia: A Feasibility Study. CyberPsychology and Behavior. 2003;6(6):591-611

  • Garcia L, Kartolo A, Methot-Curtis E. A Discussion of the Use of Virtual Reality in Dementia. In: Virtual Reality in Psychological, Medical and Pedagogical Applications. ; 2012. doi:10.5772/46412

  • García-Betances, R., Jiménez-Mixco, V., Arredondo, M. T., and Cabrera- Umpiérrez, M. F. (2014). Using virtual reality for cognitive training of the elderly. Am. J. Alzheimers Dis. Other Demen. 30, 49–54. doi:10.1177/ 1533317514545866

  • García-Betances RI, Arredondo Waldmeyer MT, Fico G and Cabrera-Umpiérrez MF. A succinct overview of virtual reality technology use in Alzheimer’s disease. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. 2015;80(7):1-8

  • Manera V, Chapoulie E, Bourgeois J, Guerchouche R. A Feasibility Study with Image-Based Rendered Virtual Reality in Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment and Dementia. PloS ONE. 2016;(Mci):1-15. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0151487

  • McDuff, D., Gontarek, S., and Picard, R. (2014). “Remote measurement of cognitive stress via heart rate variability,” in 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 26–30 Aug. 2014(Chicago, IL: IEEE), 2957–2960. doi:10.1109/EMBC.2014.6944243

  • Siriaraya P, Ang CS, Bobrowicz A. Exploring the potential of virtual worlds in engaging older people and supporting healthy aging. Behaviour & Information Technology. 2012;33(3):283-294. doi:10.1080/0144929x.2012.691552.

  • Quintana, E., and Favela, J. (2013). Augmented reality annotations to assist persons with Alzheimer’s and their caregivers. Pers. Ubiquitous Comput. 17, 1105–1116. doi:10.1007/s00779- 012- 0558- 6

The use of Virtual Reality in Medicine/Rehabilitation

  • Baus, O., and Bouchard, S. (2014). Moving from virtual reality exposure-based therapy to augmented reality exposure-based therapy: a review. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 8, 112. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00112

  • Botella, C. M., Juan, M. C., Baños, R. M., Alcañiz, M., Guillen, V., and Rey, B.(2005). Mixing realities? An application of augmented reality for the treatment of cockroach phobia. Cyberpsychol. Behav. 8, 162–171. doi:10.1089/cpb.2005.8.162

  • Dascal J, Reid M, Ishak WW, Spiegel B, Recacho J, Rosen B. Virtual Reality and Medical Inpatients : A Systematic Review of Randomized , Controlled Trials. 2017;14(1):14-21.

  • García-Betances, R., Fico, G., Salvi, D., OTTaviano, M., and Arredondo, M. T. (2015). On the convergence of affective and persuasive technologies in computer-mediated health-care systems. Human Technol. (in press).

  • Giglioli, I. A. C., Pallavicini, F., Pedroli, E., Serino, S., and Giuseppe Riva, G. (2015). Augmented reality: a brand new challenge for the assessment and treatment of psychological disorders, review article. Comput. Math. Methods Med. Article ID: 862942


Therapeutic Effects of Alternative Modalities

  • Cotelli, M., Manenti, R., Zanetti, O., and Miniussi, C. (2012). Non-pharmacological intervention for memory decline. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 6, 46. doi:10.3389/ fnhum.2012.00046

  • Gerdner, L.A. (2000). Effects of individualized versus classical ‘relaxation’ music on the frequency of agitation in elderly persons with Alzheimer’s disease and related disorders. International Psychogeriatrics, 12(1), 49–65.

  • Gerdner, L.A., & Schoenfelder, D.P. (2010). Evidence-based guideline. Individualized music for elders with dementia. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 36(6), 7-15. doi: 10.3928/00989134-20100504-01.

  • Kish, S. W. (2018, April 27). Music Activates Regions of the Brain Spared by Alzheimer's Disease. Retrieved July 14, 2018

  • Sung, H.C., Chang, A.M., & Lee, W.L. (2010). A preferred music listening intervention to reduce anxiety in older adults with dementia in nursing homes. Journal of Clinical Nursing 19(7-8), 1056–1064. doi: 10.1002/gps.2761


General References on Virtual Reality, Dementia, and the Aging Mind

  • Alzheimer’s Association, 2018 Alzheimer’s Disease Facts and Figures. (2018) Alzheimer’s & Dementia, 7(2). Available at: Accessed October 2018

  • American Psychiatric Association. (2013) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.

  • Chemerinski, E., Petracca, G., Manes, F., Leiguarda, R., & Starkstein, S.E. (1998). Prevalence and correlates of anxiety in Alzheimer’s disease. Depression and Anxiety, 7(4), 166−170

  • Finkel, S.I. (2001). Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia: a current focus of clinicians, researchers, and caregivers. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 62(Suppl 21), 3-6

  • Hoe, J., Hancock, G., Livingston, G., & Orrell, M. (2006). Quality of life of people with dementia in residential care homes. British Journal of Psychiatry, 188, 460−464.

  • Starr, J.M., & Lonie, J. (2007). Relationship between behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia and cognition in Alzheimer’s disease. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 24(5), 343–347.

  • Witmer BG & Singer MJ (1998) Measuring Presence in Virtual Environments: A Presence Questionnaire. Presence. 7(3): 225–240.

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MyndVR is the leading provider of Virtual Reality services to the booming population of older adults. Join us as we lift spirits, improve quality of life, relive cherished memories, and create new ones!

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